How To Raise Geese For Your Small Farm

Dawson Steele

Are you looking for a no-nonsense way to help keep your small farm running at peak efficiency? Have you ever considered raising geese for all of their many benefits? Well, look no further! Get ready to “Gather the Flock” by learning about keeping and caring for geese on small farms. We’re here to help break down all the need-to-know information about acquiring, raising, and utilizing these marvelous animals on your farm. Let’s get started! With posting on a website.

Table of Contents

How Raising Geese is an Advantage for Small Farms

The Benefits of Free-Range Geese to Keep the Pasture in Check

Farms of all sizes can benefit from keeping free-ranging geese to help keep their pastures in check. Geese have the innate ability to forage for weeds and grasses but also help keep tiny seedlings at bay by preventing them from taking root in your pasture. This is great for small farms with limited land to mow and no need to keep it over-maintained like in large-scale farming operations. Geese also provide natural fertilizer thanks to their grazing habits, as they eat all the worms in sight while looking for food!

Using Geese to Defend your Property like a Natural Alarm System

On top of providing free labor around the homestead, geese can also give you valuable time to get to safety if there is an intruder on your property, like a wild animal or human, by making loud alarms when it senses something suspicious.

Geese have excellent vision and no need for spotlights! If startled by something they think is a threat, whether it be a strange noise, someone in unfamiliar clothes, or odd smells in your space, they’ll let out a loud honk to let you know about any potential intruders before it’s too late! But use this alarm system sparingly; it startles geese too often and can trigger aggressive behavior toward humans on their turf!

Grazing Free-Ranging Geese Keep Your Grass Short and Your Garden Healthier


Geese have also proven over centuries of use that they are good at “lawn mowing” at all stages of growth! Free-ranging geese can help keep your pastures trimmed down nicely and free of weeds with no additional effort. But it’s not just about keeping pests away – free-ranging grazing birds encourage healthy soil through natural manure disposal into unworked farmland areas and help break up tough ground by constantly walking into all pasture areas once over-grazed by lambs or sheep. This will allow new growth to take over again during planting season and leave behind valuable soil enhancement like nitrogen-enriched bird droppings as natural fertilizers, bringing that extra bit of life into tired plots of land!

Understanding Different Geese Breeds for Raising on Small Farms

It has been believed that geese cannot live on small farms for many years, but this is not true! These big birds have been raised on family-run farms of all sizes for centuries, making them ideal for small-sized farms as well. Let’s look at some of the best-known geese breeds to help you decide which is suitable for your small farm.

Sebastopol Geese

Sebastopol is an old breed of domestic goose known for its long, slender necks and lack of wattles. They also have an elongated head topped off by a tuft of feathers in the form of a crest. Sebastopol was once quite famous for the show in Europe and North America in the 19th century but has since declined in use. That said, they are still commonly seen in exhibitions in Germany.

Emden Geese

Hailing from Emden in East Friesland, in Lower Saxony, Germany, the Emden is lightweight compared to many other geese breeds but is also known to be one of the best egg layers out there! It is also a quick-growing bird, making it popular among show-birders in some areas.

African Goose

Originally from Africa through European settlers in the 16th century, African gooses can now live all over warmer regions of South America and beyond! The African goose is mainly a free-range forager but can also live through confinement with plenty of foraging room all around it. This breed is also known to eat up seeds, roots, insects, and smaller animals while also needing access to water regularly to keep its feathers looking good.

Toulouse Goose

Toulouse geese sport broad, muscular bodies and look like they weigh more than other species! Mainly raised in France for its yummy meat but can also see show use on account of its good looks in England too! Toulouse goslings start with yellow down before growing into adults sporting all-white feathers, with some displaying hints of orange on their bills or feet.

Chinese Goose


Originating from eastern Asia but bred mainly in captivity when exotic by Europeans into North America in 1873 makes up the Chinese goose. Though thought to be bantam-sized at about 9 pounds, it doesn’t show through any small demeanor, which can put off those worried about larger birds that live on small farms!


Also coming out of Italy by way of France is the Roman goose, which is mainly known as a free-range forager even though it can take up space on small farms through confinement if it has enough area to eat up! Roman geese lay relatively large white eggs sometimes with an olive hue to

How to Create the Best Housing and Facilities for Raising Geese on Small Farms

Goose Shelter

Goose shelter can be as simple as a windbreak of hay bales or as complex as a modern house with all the comforts of home. The top needs to keep the geese dry, free of drafts, have enough space to keep them away from their feces (a free-ranging flock will use all of the yards for this) and get them off the ground to avoid predators. The old idea of keeping goslings in the house is no longer recommended, mainly for the chance that it is easy to get incorrect temperatures for their age inside or for them to get into something in your home that could cause harm. Also, try to keep all interaction between them and people/pets at a minimum to avoid transmitting any disease in either direction.

Free-Ranging Your Geese on Small Properties

Free-ranging geese on small properties are usually not recommended due to potential predation by foxes, coyotes, dogs, and other animals. If you try free-ranging your geese, consider that they need more space to eat enough food once they get bigger. To avoid housekeeping altogether, start free-ranging right away. In non-freezing months large flocks of Canada geese can sometimes be seen in open areas of harvested fields; while not precisely free-ranging, it can benefit both farmer and goose since it is easy for them to eat leftover grains after harvest.

The Essential Guide to Feeding and Nutrition Requirements for Raising Geese on Small Farms

Maintenance and Care of Geese

Caring for geese is no more difficult than other poultry, but you’ll need to keep them away from streams or ponds to avoid dirtying the water for other birds. Also, keeping them away from crops can be challenging due to their size and fondness for grass. It’s best to have small flocks if you can help it and keep your birds moving between different fields to give all crops a chance to recover.

Give geese access to short grass and let them glean corn or soybeans once ready for harvest. When plowing in spring or planting small grains in fall, geese can help clear up crop and weed residues on the land before starting. Avoid putting down new seeds on the ground they’ve trampled until it’s ready. Geese are also known to dig through the snow in search of green forage in winter!

Nutrition Requirements for Geese

Geese need good protein, calcium, phosphorus, carbohydrates, vitamins, and minerals like much other poultry but also a good deal of niacin. Deficiency of this vitamin can lead to “steatitic” (fat yellow disease), weakness, drooping wings, appetite loss, and, in some cases, death can follow- avoid this by adding two or three parts of niacin into their feed for every aspect of goose ration put out for them.

In addition to this balanced diet- give free access to natural forage where possible, as it is essential over the growing period- whole-shelled corn or soybean meal is also recommended but used in moderation; otherwise, the unhealthy fatty liver syndrome is at risk of being caused by over-indulgence of these materials- also try only use whole shelled corn in mash form at all times! Avoid using rolled corn at all costs- it can get into their gizzards (conservative stomach), leading to death by starvation!

The Benefits of Raising Geese for Small Farms: A Guide to Health Care and Management

Using Geese for Weeding and Pest Control

For centuries, geese have been an essential part of small-scale farming. Farmers have recently used them to keep grassy areas free of weeds and eliminate destructive bugs such as Japanese beetles. All of this can help keep noxious weeds at bay without the need for hazardous chemicals that can end up in waterways.

Choosing the Right Breed for Your Farm

When choosing geese for your farm, selecting a breed right for your climate and one with good foraging ability in hot or cold weather is essential. Some species like the Pilgrim and Toulouse have shorter necks better suited to eating the coarse grasses in fields, while more giant breeds like the Emden or Roman may look impressive but not eat as efficiently. Remember that some good laying birds can also have lean meat, while fatty birds can handle hotter climates but are often inedible!

Managing Laying Boxes and Milk Replenishments

You can often tell when a female goose is about to lay by her behavior; she’ll start displaying broody signs and even attempt to nest in corners of pens or on piles of hay bales. Please give her a secure but private place to nest before placing up to ten giant white eggs at once into her box-she’ll need privacy for this!

Health Care Considerations


Geese need plenty of fresh water to process all the greens they eat while on their grass diet! Keep an eye out on young goslings at all times-certain plants can be fatal if ingested by go unsupervised-so put up good fencing on their foraging area to avoid any issues down the line. Lastly, in terms of medical care, check on them daily for any wounds-these can get infected quickly on a bird-but try avoiding antibiotics whenever possible. For sicker birds, call in your veterinarian for help!

The Essentials of Raising Geese for Small Farms: Reproduction and Breeding

Social Set-Up for Your Goose

Geese are flock-oriented, but it is still possible to keep a single goose. They can be wary of humans at first, but they can become friends once familiar with your presence in their environment! To save more than one pair of geese in the same yard, it is best to have separate enclosures to avoid conflict between individuals of opposite sexes.

Choosing the Right Breed for Fertility

Did you know that geese can live up to 20-25 years old? Choosing the right breed for long-term fertility is essential to avoid any future aggression problems. Although smaller species like Sebastopol geese look appealing due to their size and temperament, it is worth noting that these breeds have higher chances of being infertile. Keep at least two mating pairs of geese on your small farm to give yourself the best option for successful reproduction.

The Mating Ritual of Geese


Unlike most other waterfowl species, domestic geese do not have set breeding seasons but are relatively free to choose when they want to get to business! However, it is up to you as the owner to provide your geese with enough privacy before beginning this process so it can go smoothly! The ritual often involves courtship by the male goose, i.e., showing off by stretching out his neck while also making loud honking noises to try and impress his mate! If it all works out and catches the female’s interest, preening or light nibbles on the male’s neck feathers also occur!

Once a pair is officially together, it usually lasts for life! During non-breeding seasons, things tend to remain calm and peaceful in-between each other; still, during peak season, territorial protection over mates can see some fighting.

Harvesting Your Home-Grown Geese: Tips on Processing and Butchering for Small Farm Owners

When to Butcher Your Geese

Harvesting geese are much like harvesting chickens, but on a larger scale due to the size of these birds. You can butcher them anytime once they have reached their mature weight, and it is best to do so in late autumn before any chance of frozen pipes in your butchering shed or in early winter before the cold weather causes the geese to use up all their energy to keep warm. This also allows for plenty of time to collect and store goose fat for use through the winter months. After butchered and packaged into freezers, no further care is needed until it is time to start breeding again in February.

Step-by-Step Guide on How to Harvest a Goose for Meat

The first step is to place it in a killing cone and then use a very sharp knife to cut through the jugular vein in one robust and smooth motion. Let all of the blood drain out of the body before placing it into a cold-water bath for about 30 minutes – this helps loosen up feathers for easier plucking down the line.

Keep repeating this process of up to half-hourly dips into cold water alongside manual plucking until no pin feathers remain on its body. Cut off its neck right by the base of its head without ruffling any feathers around it – they will come away later when butchered anyway! Also, check that all fat surrounding its tail has been removed using a small slit in its skin and carefully cutting out of the oil gland at its base by hand or pliers.

I am using Necessary Butchery Tools to Get it Show-Ready!

Once all feathers have been removed, use a meat saw or tool like shears to cut off feet by snapping at the joint between the foot and leg. Before beginning the butchery process, the whole carcass must be scalded in hot water at least 145°Fahrenheit for 30-45 seconds before torching off any remaining feathers!

From here, it is time to get down to showroom level by splitting down back into two halves for roasting. The backbone can also be saved for gravies or soups over dinner! Each haft can also be butchered into four pieces of breast/wing, leg/thigh, and drumsticks/drumettes neatly by slicing through the breastplate on the centerpiece along the keel bone! The shoulder also needs a small puncture before slicing either side joint to avoid cutting into the tip of the wings!

Finishing Steps For Freezer Ready End Product

Carefully target all excessive amounts of fat and blood away from butchered pieces before sealing up airtight in plastic bags for freezing purposes! Weigh each package to help work out the average dress weight once all flock has been butchered, and we get a good idea of how well they have managed over the end product! If

Expanding Your Outreach with Geese Marketing: How to Raise and Sell Geese on the Small Farm

Why Start with Ducks Before Moving on to Geese?

Are you interested in raising geese but don’t know where to start? If so, it’s a good idea to begin by raising ducks for profit to understand the general steps needed for successful poultry farming. For my money, there are two good reasons to start with ducks before moving on to geese:

Firstly, ducks are much more forgiving than geese in terms of containment – enabling them to be kept in small enclosures without fear of escape. And if they pen, it is generally easy to catch them due to the lightness on their feet.

Secondly, the demand for free-range duck eggs is consistently high; due to the opinion among many that they can offer a better taste for use in baking than chicken eggs! This is also true for their meat when compared to chicken!

What Products Should I Market?

Once you have successfully set up a system for rearing ducks, you can look at transitioning into keeping geese on your small farm or homestead. But what products should you market when it comes to selling goose-based items? Let’s look at a few of the most popular things to suggest where to start!

The whole goose is a common sight at local butchers and can be priced at around $15-20 on sale depending on its size (expect it to weigh between 8-10 pounds once cleaned up and butchered). This can wish to return about 7-9 pounds of meat once all is finished. Live goslings can also be sold, but it is not worth it economically once it reaches butchering size.

It may also be wise for ease of use and monitoring when keeping all your geese in one large pen. But – try breaking down all your butchered gooses into smaller packages for convenience when selling and making up for volume this way! But ensure that all of your birds are comfortable before the butchering process for less stress on them now! This also keeps food fresh and away from spoilage by freezing all products at 0°F once butchered!

How Do I Look After My Goslings During All Weather Conditions?

Here in Missouri, temperatures vary through extremes – such as 100 degrees in summer and -30 degrees at night in winter! Heat lamps must be set up at these times to keep goslings warm during colder research and fresh air during hotter times.

You must take into account rain conditions too! Keeping all temperatures regulated helps keep geese alive! Heat lamps must be moved as necessary, so keep goslings comfortable until butchering age is reached.

5 Tips For Raising Geese on Your Small Farm

Goose farming can be a great way to have delicious meat and eggs down and provide services such as pest control in your garden or orchard. Look at the considerations for profitable goose farming on a small-scale homestead!

Provide Shelter for Your Geese

Your geese need somewhere away from predators and bad weather to live, roost off the ground, and stay out of harm’s way.

Ensure Access to Clean Water

If you want to keep your geese healthy and help them digest their nutritious forage, you must ensure they have water access.

Have Enough Food

You want to give your geese good quality food – either through grazing in enough pasture or supplements- so your birds can put on weight that can be harvested for profit. As well as help keep up numbers for egg-laying through the winter months!

Include Breeding in Your Plans

Keeping up with dinner of goose breasts, fatty goose livers for making pate, eggs for baking and selling, and down-jackets is all about breeding! You want to choose geese of good stock who will lay eggs in times of high demand (e.g., seasonal holidays like Christmas that are incredibly lucrative).

Think About All the End Goals


Running a successful small farm is no small feat! Keep in mind end goals like keeping up with all of your home budget needs (including hungry family needs) as you think about how best to keep up production by looking at all the chores you need to take on over winter amidst cold-weather challenges like hay storage!

The Power of Geese: Keeping Your Farm Safe With Nature’s Best Guard Animals

Raising Geese for Small Farms

I’m sure by now it’s clear to all of you that I genuinely appreciate geese! I can tell you no other animal is entirely up to the same protective job. A dog is much cuter, but geese put up quite by fight! I also love their other features on our small farm – like how they help keep down weeds, manage bug infestations, and leave free fertilizer along the way.

Creating a Needed Space to Get Started

If you want to start raising geese but need them in a small space, try looking out for older play pools on Craigslist! The incredibly rigid plastic containers can be suitable before needing a more long-term arrangement for the goslings for about four to six weeks old. Also, if you need it to take a break on your grass occasionally, you can always have them in this movable pen before changing it up at least once every couple of days.

Using Them as Security Guards

Regarding keeping guard over your property, no call is as distinctive as the call of geese. If you ever notice, it’s easy to tell who is passing by just by how it sounds. You can even tell between creatures with familiarity – like your own pets! Also, thanks to their routine-forming attitude; for instance, on my farm, all get ready for breakfast right after I take care of the animals in my morning duties! But before anything else happens, my faithful little guards have come up to check if I show up – let everybody know it’s me and time to eat! All of this natural help from them has lightened my load in protecting all of us on this small homestead- thanks, girls!

And let’s not forget about what good help my guard geese give for keeping watch on all my free-ranging ducks! Whenever it comes to fighting between drakes over mates, it’s best to keep them separate in different free-range areas- which helps keep them away from each other and makes me feel better off knowing all my animals can stay calm and peaceful around our place- reducing stress all over! All of this help also frees up my time, so I can look into taking on more projects around- once again, it takes an entire village, but it certainly is worth it in dividends!

Final Thoughts

Raising geese on small farms can have challenges but is also gratifying. I can tell you my experience raising Geese on my small farm has been like no other! I have enjoyed providing it as a natural fertilizer to my pastures; it has helped keep my grounds free of pesky weeds and foragers – all thanks to my feathered friends! It is like no other job in that I get to see the result of what I put in with such clarity. All in all, raising geese on small farms is such a fulfilling job – anyone out there should give it a try!

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