Are you ready to dive deep into all the fantastic wonders accompanying the Murrah Buffalo? Get comfortable and get ready to explore it all! We’re about to look at its origin, features, and milk production compared to other buffaloes and learn about its incredible health benefits! Let’s get started on this marvelous journey!
From Mysterious Origins to Farming Staple: A Look at the History of Murrah Buffalo
This Majestic Breed of Buffaloes is Respected in India for its Many Uses!
The Murrah buffalo, also known as the Magarabari goat, is a breed of buffaloes mainly found in Assam and other parts of North-Eastern India. But over time, it has spread to also to West Bengal, Bihar, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh, and Uttar Pradesh. There are two types of Murrah buffaloes – riverine and Upland.
What is Unique about the Murrah Buffalo?
The scientific name for this magnificent animal is Bos indicus, mainly blackish-brown but with white patches on its body. An adult male can weigh up to 1000 kilograms, but on average, it is usually around 700-750 kilograms, while female buffaloes have an average weight of 600-650 kilograms. It is not uncommon to see a Murrah without horns, but small horns can sometimes be found on them. They have a big hump on their back, which can help classify them into riverine or Upland.
In addition to the distinctively curved hump on the back of Riverine buffaloes, they also have tails that go up at an angle of 45 degrees about their back; in contrast, in Upland buffaloes, it goes up at a 90-degree straight line, making no contact with the back itself. Ears also vary between both types, with Riverine possessing a thin layer of hair, whereas in Upland, no earlobe can be found!
The Economic Value of this Ancient Breed
Murrah buffaloes have been highly regarded throughout history mainly for their use in dairy farming and plowing fields but have grown into an industry for meat consumption too! These animals are magnetically bred to provide ghee and buttermilk once it has been sped! They have even been used as a substitute for tractors before machine used in farming was established! They also play a role within Indian religion, being integral to many ancient traditions!
So take your hats off to these beautiful creatures who have helped humanity through centuries by providing us with food in various ways! Let’s appreciate all it does for us!
A Closer Look at the Impressive Physique of the Murrah Buffalo!
The Murrah Buffalo is mainly found in India, in Haryana, Punjab, Rajasthan, and Uttar Pradesh. But it can also be found in Pakistan! Let’s take a closer look at this imposing breed of bovine:
Color & Coat Variation
This powerful breed of buffalo is mainly grey but also can have black, light to dark brown coat color variations. White is commonly on the back of their ears and their legs – with blackish-brown on their horns!
A Bump on the Back? Yes! Plus More!
This gorgeous breed of buffalo has a big hump on its back! Also, check out its big ears, long tail, prominent nose, and teeth!
Big Balls on It Too!
Yes, it is true! The Murrah Buffalo has big balls on it too! In addition to its impressive testicles, it has a big horn and giant teeth!
The Wonders of Murrah Buffalo Milk Production and Composition
A Rich History in Indian Culture for Thousands of Years
Buffaloes have been an integral part of India’s rural economy for centuries, playing a significant role in the country’s socio-cultural fabric from the ancient times of Mohenjodaro and Harappa to the Vedic ages and up through the Mughal era and the British period in India. But their milk production is exciting to this discussion, and it is one of their greatest assets to society, contributing 15.7% to the country’s bovine population, with about 101.6 million buffaloes in 2017.
Native to Mainly Haryana State but Also Found in Parts of U.P., Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh & Punjab
The Murrah buffalo, also called ‘Kankrej’ or ‘Kankali,’ is mainly found in Haryana state in districts like Gurgaon, Hisar, Jind, Fatehabad, Sirsa, Rohtak, and Mahendragarh. But it can also be found in small quantities in a few sections of Uttar Pradesh, i.e., Agra, Aligarh, Etah, Mathura & Bulandshahr too; and to some extent in small parts of Rajasthan, i.e., Jhunjhunu Churu Nagaur & Jaipur; while also reported existing in Madhya Pradesh but no precise data is available on this front at the current time.
Unlock The Benefits of Murrah Buffalo for Meat & Milk Production!
Ancient Use in All Countries
Humans have used water buffalo for meat and milk production in all countries for centuries, boasting suitable natural conditions. India is home to the most water buffaloes in the world – over 100 million by 1947 at India’s independence!
A Deliciously Nutritious Alternative to Beef
Buffalo meat is richer in food value than beef, containing more solid non-fat matter and less fat and water, but is lower in nitrogenous constituents than beef. An excellent substitute for mutton in many communities in India, it is also substantially helpful in making sausages.
Murrah Buffaloes: Dominating Indian Bovine Industry
India has about one-third of the world’s buffalo population – two-thirds of the cow population! Of all types of cattle in India, about 40-45% are buffaloes – this percentage is lowest in Assam at around 5-10%. Within India, specifically in Uttar Pradesh, Murrah buffaloes comprise a large chunk of the state’s 248.69 lakhs of all bovine populations at 78.48 lakhs – with about 66-70 lakhs being typical river-type buffaloes and about 12-14 lakhs humped-types.
Fantastic Yield for Dairy Production
The average milk yield in the state can be substantially higher depending on breed! Humped-type profits can go up to 202-216 liters over 279 days, while river-type results can reach 350-450 liters over 326 days! For those looking to get into dairy production activities, it’s clear that having mainly river-type buffaloes would be beneficial if no religious sentiment is involved.
Understanding the Remarkable Resilience of Murrah Buffalo: Exploring Adaptability and Climate Tolerance
From Khanpur to Hisar: The Story of the Murrah Buffalo’s Origin
Traced back to 1805 in a district of Haryana, India, it is no surprise that the Murrah breed of buffaloes is one of the most respected in milk production. This is thanks to an effort by the Nawab of Ferozepur in Punjab to take up its protective care at Hisar in Bikaner in 1888.
The successful upkeep of these animals for over 50 years can only attribute to some out-of-this-world care by their benefactor, Rao Raja Bika. All-weather canals were set up for forage crop cultivation for feeding– this helped keeps them alive in what can be characterized as an arid zone! And through all of it, thanks to him, they have gained a reputation for high-lactation milk yield worldwide.
The Secrets to Successful Breeding and Reproduction of Murrah Buffalo
The Gestation Period of Bovines
In nature, it is observed that bovines give birth to one calf at a time after nine months of gestation. However, test-tube in-vitro fertilization of bovine eggs can result in up to eight calves from a single embryo. Buffalo, cattle, and cows all have a nine to ten months gestation before giving birth to their offspring.
Why Use Artificial Reproduction for Breeding?
The natural breeding of bovines does not use artificial insemination or other instruments for reproduction. But for higher quality breeds for better growth, higher milk production, etc., bovine experts may use fake copies using devices or tools for successful results.
Using Bulls For Bovine Reproduction
Male bovines, also known as bulls, are primarily used for bovine reproduction by natural or artificial means to get offspring/calves that humans can use in various ways, such as for milk/meat/vehicle/labor purposes.
Specifically for Murrah breed cows/bulls, there are mainly three types of Indian breeds for successful reproduction: uni-colored black ear tag type- I, unicolored white ear tag type- II, and multicolored ear tag type- III.
Healthy Murrah Buffaloes: Tips for Managing Diseases and Maintaining Optimal Health
Keep an Eye Out for Close Contact in Grazing Areas
The farm manager of all the buffaloes at Sansarpur village in Rohtak District of Haryana reported that all the infected animals had come into close contact with each other at their grazing and watering places in the river. Avoiding too much communication can help keep your herd free from Foot-and-Mouth Disease (FMD).
Inoculate All of Your Animals to Help Stop the Spreading of FMD
After detecting FMD in Murrah buffaloes in Sansarpur village, response teams of animal health care providers have been helping by offering free vaccinations to the 5,000-6,000 buffaloes in the area. All of the animals in Haryana have also received Free Inoculation to try and keep them out of non-affected regions of the state as well!
Limit Animal Traffic to Affected Areas to Help Keep it From Spreading.
It is essential to avoid taking animals or animal products into off-limits areas for FMD to remain contained in already-affected regions to keep it from worsening.
The Essential Guide to Feeding and Nutrition for Murrah Buffalo
Why All-Grass Foraging is Key to Quality Bison Taste
Bison meat is at its best regarding flavor and health when the animals have been naturally fed. At Murrah Buffalo, we put in the extra effort to give our Bison the proper nutrition for optimal results that show up on your dinner plate! Let’s examine why all-grass foraging is so crucial for bison taste.
Free Range to Graze on All-Natural Goodness
Allowing Bison to forage in their natural environment is essential to helping them get all the good nutrients in their meat! Thanks to open pasture, our Murrah Buffalo have free range over all of the nutritious grasses and plants in the wild for them to choose from. This all-grass foraging supplies them with everything they need to look, feel, and taste good once butchered!
Supporting Natural Nutrient Needs with Salt Licks
In addition to letting our buffalo put in work on all of those yummy greens out there in nature, we also let them have free access to all-natural mineral salt blocks at all times! That way, they can choose between munching on their beloved pasture surrounding or taking advantage of some minerals and vitamins right away by steering themselves toward a salt lick!
Healthy Bison = Healthy Eaters!
The result of all of this care put into our buffalo’s diet? Tasty bison meat is also healthy thanks to no growth hormones or other chemicals added in through unnatural feeds. All it takes is loving them by letting them eat like they would out in nature! That way, you can enjoy all that deliciousness without worrying about horrible stuff getting into your meal. template
Reinventing Agriculture with the Murrah Buffalo: Sustainable Practices for a Greener Future
What is a Murrah Buffalo?
Farm animals have been part of agriculture for thousands of years. Humans choose different animals to keep on their farming plots for food, help on farms, and fur. But when it comes to all-purpose sustainable farming in India, no other animal can quite compare to the Murrah buffalo!
Murrah buffaloes come in two main types, river and Murrah. Although these look very similar at first glance, there are some subtle differences. River buffaloes have more enormous horns and more hair on their head but much less over their whole body than a Murrah buffalo with short hair all over but longer on its head.
River buffaloes also have black-greyish color over their entire body, but Murrah has full dark-black body coats. Murrah also has flatter faces than river buffaloes, who lack horns but have small ears compared to the larger ones found on Murrah buffaloes. Generally speaking, Murrah also has more giant humps on their backs than those of river buffaloes.
Health Benefits of Raising Murrah Buffaloes
When it comes to milk production, it is said by many farmers that river buffaloes give lower quality milk than those of Murrah, showing higher-fat content but about equal protein quality in both kinds of milk.
Also, cheese can be made from this milk easily because of its high-fat content! Butter can also be made from it, but it won’t last as long as butter made from river buffalo milk which gives out a lesser amount comparatively but has no sweat glands on the skin like rivers do, but sweat glands are seen on some of them too! Combined, this makes Murrah buffaloes perfect for all-purpose sustainable farming in India!
Help on Farms Made Easy With the Murrah Buffalo!
With no need to go into rivers to live like river buffaloes do and easy birthing techniques (as compared to rivers), it is clear that in all major categories like milk production, help on farms, and ease of giving birth- Murrah buffaloes prove to be better for all-purpose sustainable farming in India!
Starting a Murrah Buffalo Farm in India for Maximum Profit
Do the Benefits of Murrah Buffalo Farming Outweigh the Costs?
The economic analysis of any livestock enterprise mainly deals with benefit-cost study to find out the viability of that enterprise by comparing total receipts from the enterprise less all the operating costs of the farm to find out the net return or benefit.
The feed cost for Murrah buffaloes mainly constitutes a significant proportion of the variable cost of production. On average, it accounts for almost 60 to 65 percent of the total variable cost of production in different agro-climatic regions of India. The cost of concentrate mixture in Punjab and Haryana is about Rs 20-25/kg, while it is about Rs 12-15/kg in the southern states.
What Do I Need to Get Started with Murrah Buffalo Farming?
To start a Murrah Buffalo Farm, you must begin with at least 2-3 Murrah buffaloes. First of all, buy healthy animals for good genetics, to begin with. Then it would be best to have ging or agricultural land for fodder cultivation to feed your aals. And also, keep in mind to have at least 1-2 acres of land for every animal so they can graze on natural grass all day!
Tips for Taking Care of Your Buffaloes for Maximum Profits
You have to give proper care to Murrah buffaloes for better production. Here are some tips for better care of these animals for better milk production for profits:
Murrah buffalo farming in India for maximum milk production requires a daily milk yield by an adult. Murrah buffalo ranges between 8 to 12 liters on average, but on a coarse fodder diet, it may go up to 15 to 20 liters of milk daily.
However, keeping the animals in good health and comfortable conditions is essential to get high yields regularly. Also, females should get sufficient rest after each calf delivery for at least two months before they again conceive; this will help keep up their health over a more extended period!
The Murrah Buffalo is an extraordinary breed of water buffalo making waves in the small-scale farming and dairy industries for its incredible milk production, flavorful meat, and muscular physique. After researching these marvelous creatures, I have to admit that I have been thoroughly impressed by their abilities!
My experience with the Murrah Buffalo is that it is a sight to behold on my small farm here in India. I can tell all of you for sure- seeing them in action is remarkable! It’s no wonder why it is becoming more sought-after by small-scale farmers worldwide.
Considering all of this, it is clear why I am a true fan of the Murrah Buffalo! I look forward to watching it spread to all corners of the world to help small-scale farmers get into the business of producing good-tasting, high-yielding milk products, and meat. The Murrah Buffalo is a unique breed of water buffalo that deserves more attention and respect!